The destructive war and the subsequent humanitarian crisis in Yemen affected all regional countries, including Turkey.
The Turkish government unanimously supported the operation of Saudi Arabia in Yemen in the spring of 2015. In addition, Recep Erdogan announced that Turkey is ready to provide logistical and intelligence support to the forces of the Arab Coalition.
Under the circumstances, a sharp aggravation of relations between Turkey and Iran, supporting Yemen’s Hussites, began. And the failed Saudi “blitzkrieg”, which grew into a protracted war to wear out, turned Yemen into a headache for most Middle Eastern countries.
Gradually, Israel and the United States got involved in the conflict between Saudi Arabia and Iran. The United States, led by D. Trump, can directly target Iran, and in this case Russia will not be able to stand aside and support its ally in the Astana area. The third participant in the Astana talks Turkey will have to maneuver, since initially being in a coalition led by Saudi Arabia, in Syria it needs the alliance with Russia and Iran.
Considering the new geopolitical realities in the Middle East compared with 2015, it was not an accident that Erdogan’s comment was made at a press conference in Buenos Aires in December 2018. He approached the Yemeni war from a completely different point of view, emphasizing the responsibility of the international community to help “starving children and suffering innocent people.”
If we compare such a “peace-loving” statement with the statement of 2015 about the “need for the immediate withdrawal of Iranian military units and terrorist groups from Yemen”, then it becomes obvious that the transformation of Turkish politics over the past years.