In March this year, US President Donald Trump, at the request of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, wrote a tweet in which he said that the time had come to recognize Israel’s full sovereignty over the Golan Heights. Prior to this, the United States, although it remained the main allies of Israel in the Middle East, adhered to the decisions of the UN Security Council, which considers Israeli control over the Golan as an illegal occupation.
UAR Permanent Representative to the UN, Bashshar Al-Jafari, when discussing the situation in the Middle East at the UNGA, noted that Israel’s policy, which confronts the international community with the fact of breaking the law, cannot be further silenced by the UN without taking serious, productive steps. The UN must fulfill its obligations despite the opposition of Israel and those parties that support it. It is necessary to put pressure on him to end the occupation of the Arab territories. Israeli politicians must get rid of the illusion of the law of force, which they adhere to.
Russia, the European Union, Turkey and a number of Arab countries have already declared that they do not intend to support the decision of Donald Trump. Something similar happened in 2018, when the US president officially recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and transferred the American embassy there. Only a few countries have followed his example.
Most likely, the de facto situation will remain the same as it is now. Unless, of course, Trump makes other sensational statements as part of his plan to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict, which he promises to publish after the April parliamentary elections in Israel.
The Golan Heights is a mountain plateau on the border between Israel and Syria. Most of it, up to two thirds, since 1967 has been controlled by Israeli forces.
The importance of the Golan is determined by their physiographic characteristics. The average height of the plateau above sea level is about a thousand meters, and one of the peaks on Mount Hermon with a height of two thousand meters is the highest point of Israel and the only winter resort in this country. From the west to the Golan Heights adjoins a low-lying plain, extending to the Mediterranean coast. A significant part of these territories is easily swept from the plateau. And the foothills, where Syria needs to move the border, are 200 meters below sea level. These positions will be extremely difficult to defend in the event of a massive attack from heights.
Another reason Israel needs the Golan Heights is because the rivers and streams flowing from there provide up to a third of the fresh water the country needs.