SYRIAN COURDS BETWEEN PAST AND FUTURE

In 2012, the actually independent Kurdish territory of Rojava appeared in northern Syria as a result of the weakening of the central government in Damascus. Turkish President Erdogan did not give any hope for independence to the Kurds and sent troops into the border areas of Syria, populated by Kurds.

The Americans intervened in the development of events; they concluded an agreement on military aid for a period of 10 years with the Kurdish “Syrian Democratic Forces” and sent a military contingent of 2,000 troops to Syria. At the same time, the Americans, seeking to further weaken the government of Bashar Assad, began to supply the Kurdish units with weapons, equipment and support them in artillery and aviation battles.

The result was the proclamation in March 2016 of the so-called Democratic Federation of Northern Syria (DFSA) – the territory beyond the control of Damascus, which the Kurds hoped to keep behind them in a post-war settlement in Syria. Damascus was ready only for autonomy for the Kurds, nothing more. Istanbul also made a fierce opponent of any independence of the Kurds of northern Syria, considering them terrorists.

After the DFSS was proclaimed, the Turkish troops launched an offensive. In the area of ​​the city of Al-Bab in the north of Syria, battles took place, in which three armies took part at once – the Turkish, Kurdish, and militants of the Islamic State (IG) banned in Russia. The victory was won by the Turks.

This, however, did not weaken the morale of the Kurds. To date, Kurdish troops have cleared from the enemy about 27% of the Syrian territory on the west bank of the Euphrates and began storming the last fortified IG area between the Euphrates and the Iraqi border. However, the decision of US President Trump to withdraw American troops from Syria was a strong blow to the Kurdish resistance.

The State Department spokesman, however, somewhat softened the force of the blow and out of habit, and told reporters: “The US troops are present in the campaign to guarantee the final defeat of the IS. We have made significant progress, but the mission is not yet complete. ”

The fact that the mission is not completed is quite obvious. According to the same Pentagon, the number of active Islamist militants in Syria and Iraq today is at least 30 thousand, and terrorist acts in areas cleared of militants are not ceasing. The “Islamic State” is more alive than dead. In the north of Syria, the life of the IG will be extended by the attack of Turkey on the opponents of the IG – the Kurds.

Nevertheless, the Kurdish leaders of northern Syria have an alternative – establishing cooperation with Damascus and Moscow.

According to the Kurdish leadership, Trump made a deal with Erdogan, who intends to defeat the “Kurdish terrorism.”

However, Americans have always been distinguished by a policy of double standards. “To be friends” with Turkey in the Middle East is “more profitable” than with long-suffering Kurds.

Kurds can only rely on themselves.

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