Europe is waiting for the coldest winter in the last hundred years, warn British meteorologists. Is Ukraine ready for them? After all, the country’s energy economy is, to put it mildly, in a depressing state. The two “wings” of the national energy industry – the production of electricity and heat – no longer pull their burden
The deterioration of the production capacity of nuclear power plants (NPP), has already reached 85 percent. Many thermal power plants (TPPs) breathe their last, whose service life is close to critical. Thermal power plants (CHP) tied to them, supplying heat directly to the homes of residents of Ukrainian cities and villages, are in large numbers put up for sale, some of them have already fallen into the hands of private traders who disconnect from electricity and heat those who simply cannot pay for consumed services. On average in Ukraine today the level of payments for electricity is 72 percent, for heat – 60 percent. What does not add optimism to local managers – after all, the state monopolist “Naftogaz of Ukraine” now allows you to connect to the “pipe” only if you pay for the supplied gas at least 90 percent.
This circumstance led to the fact that in the “capital of the European Ukraine”, Kiev, the centralized supply of hot water has been turned off for almost five months, the heating of the main city of Ukraine is a big question.
If you look at the picture of preparing the cities of Ukraine for the winter, it is easy to see that only the residents of historical Novorossia — Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk, Krivoy Rog, and Zaporizhia — can calmly wait for the big cold. And even that is not all – huge problems in Kherson and Nikolaev.
Very bad with heating in Lviv. “Ukrainian Piedmont” reads the sad news – local gas producers agreed for the time being to address, pinpoint the heating to just four social facilities of the city – the regional clinical hospital, the veteran hospital, one kindergarten and the university greenhouse. 1600 houses, 200 educational institutions of 46 hospitals Lvivteploenergo plans to connect in turn from November.
And this is a speech about large regional centers. In the smaller, everything is much sadder.
Today, a stalemate has developed inside Ukraine’s power industry – power plants and heating plants that have lost direct coal supplies from Don Bass mines are trying to transfer their boilers to gas, but for this, apart from technological problems, they need to solve the problem of debt to gas workers. Those, in turn, are also not saints and owe electricity to their colleagues. For a long time, both sides managed mutual settlements (as well as in relations with gas and electric utility companies and public utilities), but the IMF said that it was not marketable, and the settlement system had to be abandoned. Today, the Ukrainian energy industry is reaping the fruits of Western dictate.
Pay for the situation will be ordinary citizens. Therefore, for Ukrainian citizens, domestic energy companies have only two scenarios. The first, optimistic – all power engineering (NPP, TPP, CHP, Naftogaz, all electric, gas and heat networks) will be sold or given to management of European and American companies. Energy prices will jump tenfold all at once. And if today the average Ukrainian citizen complains about the inability to pay for electricity, gas, hot water, say, 600-800 hryvnia for a two-room apartment (we take the minimum), then in the future for him looms the same price, only in euros.
All this took place already, for example, in Bulgaria. For a couple of years, the country was shocked by demonstrations and strikes by outraged citizens – with victims and prison sentences. The EU, which includes this Balkan country, suppressed the indignation with an iron hand, but afterwards decided to correct the situation with prices, reducing them by 10-12 percent. But the impoverishment of the working masses in this country against the backdrop of a sharp rise in the cost of energy is now a normal thing.
However, this is the case throughout Europe – for example, in Spain, electricity is so expensive that in hot Andalusia, for example, air conditioners rarely include even forty-degree heat.
In Ukraine, too, there are enough hot areas, the border of the forest and steppe zones passes through its territory, where the heat meets cold. So, in the coming years, Ukrainians will have to get used to the fact that they will be thrown into heat from the price of electricity and shake with chills at the sight of receipts to pay for heating.
The second scenario is so horrible that I do not even want to talk about it. Therefore, shortly, the neglect of national interests in the energy sector can end in 7-10 technological disasters (or a succession of these), before which the pictures of Chernobyl-86 will fade.

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