The power of diplomacy

On April 14, during an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council, Russia’s permanent representative in this organization Vasily Nebenzia remarked that the United States, Britain and France could stop the conflict in Syria within 24 hours. “We just need to instruct our manual terrorists to stop fighting against the legitimate authority of their own people,” he said.
Unfortunately, it is difficult to predict the further course of the Syrian war. There are too many conflicting parties, too many contradictions. And the West, which created the prerequisites for this war, of course, will not put an end to it. Despite this, Russia is still trying to appeal to international law and draws attention to violations of this right by the US and its allies. After all, countries that hit Syria distort international law and substitute concepts, and put themselves above international law, trying to convince everyone that their actions are legitimate.
Now it is obvious that in the future course of the Syrian war, very much will depend on Russia’s diplomatic efforts, as well as on the behavior of Turkey and Iran. The Russian-Turkish-Iranian summit in Ankara on April 4, 2018 showed that the level of coordination of these positions by these three countries is high, and they will dictate the final conditions of peace, and not the Western coalition. Although Erdogan still refuses to recognize Assad, but condemning the manifestations of separatism in Syria and agreeing with the supremacy of Damascus throughout Syrian territory, he, in fact, is already being recognized.
It is clear that the countries that are the guarantors of a peaceful settlement in Syria (Russia, Turkey and Iran) will “step up efforts to resolve the situation” on the ground “and protect civilians in the zones of de-escalation.” This is what the statement signed in Ankara by Presidents Vladimir Putin, Reggap Erdogan and Hasan Roukhani says about it. The document also calls on the international community and the UN to increase humanitarian assistance to the people of Syria and to increase efforts to demine the area.
According to the director of the Center for Strategic Studies Ivan Konovalov, in the actual freezing of the actual political process, cooperation in the humanitarian sphere is an area that can really unite the efforts of Russia, Iran and Turkey in Syria. Representatives of the European Union and the wealthy monarchies of the Persian Gulf have repeatedly said that they will not help the government of Bashar Assad, and US President Donald Tramp recently announced the freezing of non-military aid for $ 200 million, even for territories beyond Asad’s control. In this situation, Konovalov said, the appeal to the UN and other international organizations looks logical, since Russia, Turkey and Iran can not fully assume all costs for post-conflict reconstruction.
The military situation in Syria is such that the question of restoring the territories recently liberated from the militias is really coming to the fore. After the liquidation of the Eastern Guta enclave and the occupation of the Turkish army of Afrin, no new large-scale military operations are expected in the near future. And now the main emphasis will be on the diplomatic solution of the conflict. And it is necessary to negotiate not only with the big powers involved in the conflict, but also with some terrorist groups, as has already been done in Eastern Ghouta.

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