HARD WORK ON THE SYRIAN CONSTITUTION

The Congress of the Syrian National Dialogue, held in Sochi in late January, on its scale surpassed the scale of attempts made earlier to bring together representatives of all groups of the population of the split war of Syria under one roof. 1600 people, differing political and religious views, social status, age, tried hard to find ways to establish peace on their land. Without substituting the existing mechanisms of the UN, this congress was aimed at facilitating their work. Nevertheless, in the West, the predominant evaluation of the results of the Sochi forum was the definition of it as almost failed – on the grounds that some pro-Western groups had declined to participate in it.
Meanwhile, the “Sochi platform” for today is the only ideology that can really unite the disparate Syrian society. There are no attempts to fix the advantages of one of the parties to the conflict. It clearly reflects those democratic norms that are inscribed on the banners of the West. These norms may not be to the liking of only radical Islamic formations. It would seem that the US and its allies can only welcome the progress achieved. Nothing like this, unfortunately, is observed, as if everything coming from Russia is “toxic” by definition.
The final statement of the congress in Sochi, despite the disagreements of the participants, was approved by them without any special objections for the reason that it reflects the fundamental interests of the Syrian state. In 12 points of the statement, emphasis is placed on “full adherence” to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and unity of Syria. It is especially emphasized that no part of the national territory should be subject to concessions, and the occupied Golan Heights should be returned. None of the Syrian activists can formally object to this, unless he is a political suicide. At the same time, these principles can hardly be liked by the United States, mired in the adventure of creating a Kurdish quasi-state on the Syrian territory, as well as Israel. The Syrian oppositionists who arrived in Sochi did not show that they are on the sidelines of those who are not very concerned about the key rights of the people of Syria. And this will result in a further decline in their influence among the population.
Does not it meet the needs of all Syrians and internationally recognized norms about the nature of the future state? According to this paragraph, Syria “must be a democratic and non-fractional state based on the principles of political pluralism and equal citizenship, regardless of religious, ethnic and gender identity, full respect for and protection of the rule of law, separation of powers, independence of the judiciary, full equality of all citizens, the cultural diversity of Syrian society, the provision of public freedoms, including freedom of religion, with transparent, inclusive, responsible government, including in front of national legislation, with the necessary effective measures to combat crime, corruption and official abuse. ” In which US allies in the Middle East such a program is implemented? Not in any! It is unprecedented, in particular, for local traditional societies, the statement in the statement that in the future structures of power in Syria, women receive a share of 30%, and in the future would achieve full parity.

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