The operation to release the Deir ez-Zor summed emerged in the last two years the confrontation between Damascus and the Kurds to the Red line, which was held on the left Bank of the Euphrates river. Latent conflict was exposed today after the Pentagon accused the Russian Aerospace forces on strikes of the SDF positions. According to the initial announcement of 14 September, the Kurds were not to enter the capital of the Islamic state, but appeared there after the successful attempts of the Syrian army to cross the river.
The fact of the advanced units transfer of the Syrian army – the elite units of the Tiger Forces led by General Hassan Suhail – the Russian foreign Ministry confirmed on Friday. The operation was carried out from the liberated suburbs in the South-East of Deir ez-Zor, downstream of the Kurdish positions to the North-East of the city. After consolidating of the army on the left Bank of the Euphrates, the Kurds made an unscheduled march to Deir-ez-Zor.
The blitzkrieg of SDF occurred spontaneously. It is indicated by the initial plan of the U.S. on the Kurds actions in the Eastern province of Syria. As said on Thursday by the representative of the international coalition in the fight against ISIS Ryan Dillon, the Kurds would not be included in the Deir ez-Zor operation as “the battlefield is already crowded”. They would move along the Euphrates, to expel the terrorists up to the border point at Abu Kamal on the border with Iraq.
In fact, plan of Deir-ez-Zor bypass on the left Bank of the Euphrates was intended to go to the rear of the Syrian army to seize Assad’s initiative to liberate the oil fields in the South-East of Syria. Tactics of expansion the lands controlled by the Kurds should be the American strategy of creation the Kurdish barrier against strengthened Shiite axis of Tehran. Syrian Kurds are similar to Iraqi Kurdistan. During the fight against ISIS they increased their territory by 40%.
Starting from the entry into full-scale war in late 2015, after provocation in Kobani, Syrian Kurdistan, consisting of three small cantons in Northern Syria (Qamishli, Afrin and Jerablus), significantly increased its territory. De facto Kurdish became all the land, freed from the power of the Caliphate, including Raqqa and parts of Aleppo province. Now the Kurds claim to the entire left Bank of the Euphrates around the perimeter of the border with Iraq. In this part of the Syrian desert top quality oil fields are concentrated.
Now we can understand the aggressive statements of the SDF command about the plans of the Syrian army to cross the Euphrates. The Kurdish commander of the Deir ez-Zor Ahmed Abu Howl stated that they would not give “the regime and its militias to cross the Eastern bank of the river”, and the command of the international coalition even threatened to strike Syrian troops in case of crossing the Euphrates from the Kurdish positions. However, after the landing of the Syrian special forces in the area of Jafri Kurdish plans to seize the left Bank of the Deir-ez-Zor become very difficult.
The Syrians had cut the terrorist supply routes from Madina and created a clipping base for the Stripping of Deir ez-Zor in the South. Damascus said they were ready to consider SDF as opponents to the restoration of the constitutional order and that they were ready to fight against them by military means. Ankara reacted to the actions of the Kurds strongly. For Turkey, which conducts in the North of Syria operation “shield of the Euphrates,” the river is the border of extension of Kurdish influence on the Syrian-Turkish border.
Thus, the American command of the Kurds took advantage of the success of the Syrian army to release the Deir ez-Zor, trying to force the opening of a second front on the left Bank of the Euphrates. The situation is the same as during the battle for Berlin when the allies were in competition with each other for supremacy in the capture of the Reichstag. In the battle for the Euphrates today, the decision on the issue of the territorial supremacy of Syria is tackeled, because the United States decided to convert the victory of the Kurds against ISIS into territorial gains of Syrian Kurdistan.